Vestibular Rehabilitation - Evaluation and Treatment
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Why take this course?
This course is designed for the therapist that seeks to master the tests associated with a vestibular examination and learn to deliver an effective vestibular rehabilitation treatment program. Expert medical contributors provide insight into the interaction between the body’s multisensory systems and the complexities of the relationship between the systems to maintain vestibular function and balance.
Details about this Online Continuing Education Course
This course features the top medical experts on vestibular rehabilitation research and treatment. Learn the fundamentals that will help medical professionals understand dizziness from an anatomical and physiological perspective. The information then builds towards developing an understanding of the tests used to provide a comprehensive examination and treatment of patients with vestibular issues.
Often patients with dizziness have trouble getting a diagnosis. They sometimes see multiple doctors or spend years trying to figure out what is wrong with them and wondering why they have poor balance, or they are spinning. The reason for that has to do with the way our healthcare system deals with dizziness. Consider that there are many different causes of dizziness, and about 5% of the population develops this vestibular disorder every year. However, there is another 15% of the population who experience dizziness that is related to some other problem. For example, a patient might be dealing with low blood pressure or a change in medication which leads to a medication side effect. So there is a sorting problem with dizziness. When people get dizzy, they often do not know which doctor to see first, whether it be a cardiologist to assess their blood pressure situation or another specialist, perhaps an ear specialist? Often patients randomly end up going to one doctor or another who might not necessarily have the expertise to sort through the different possible causes of dizziness and determine the specific one that’s affecting them.
Develop the expertise as a therapist or medical professional by using the information presented in this course to build a foundation as an expert in vestibular rehabilitation.
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- CE Hours: 10.0 hrs
- Delivered: Online
- Instant Online Access to Course Material for 365 days, Videos, Downloadable Course Manual PDF, Online Test and Printable Course Certificate with State Specific CEU approval. No DVD or physical media required, entirely online.
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Upon successful completion of this course, participants will be able to:
- Describe the interaction between the body’s multisensory systems and the complexities of the relationship between the systems to maintain vestibular function and balance.
- Describe the importance of therapy for identifying the root cause (s) of vestibular dysfunction and developing a proper treatment program to improve symptoms and function.
- Discuss the importance of central testing and understand how to sequence the testing in a comprehensive evaluation.
- Perform specific oculomotor and vestibular function testing and understand the implications of the findings. To Include:
- Neutral primary gaze position test
- Eccentric Gaze Holding Test
- Ocular ROM/Mobility/Motility test
- Smooth Pursuit Test
- Saccadic eye movement test
- Vergence test
- Optokinetic nystagmus test
- Vestibulo-ocular reflex test(slow)
- Cross cover test
- Head thrust test/head impulse test(HIT)
- Head shake test(HST)
- Vestibulo-ocular cancellation testing
- Identify if a symptom is generated by a central or peripheral source.
- Apply information gathered from detailed history, evaluations and tests and develop appropriate algorithmic plans of care.
- Recognize nystagmal variations and assist in the correct diagnosis and treatment in vestibular disorders, especially BPPV and its variant resistant forms.
- Perform specific BPPV tests (such as Dix-Hallpike, Sermount Manuever, Gufoni Manuever, Forced Prolonged Positioning) and decide appropriate treatment options including traditional and newly emerging alternative treatment options.
- Identify how to utilize the information in research articles to perform the most effective tests and develop evidence based rehab programs.
- Select specific tests and treatments within your evaluation and treatment program to ensure you can achieve a specific diagnosis without over stimulating the patient. In addition to scaling progression to avoid setbacks.
- Describe how to modify specific tests to accommodate for limited spinal motion or age related restrictions.
- Develop comprehensive programs for oculomotor and vestibular deficits, which can be progressed to home programs for optimal patient compliance and function results.
- Develop a reproducible system to accurately monitor the progress made with a home based program.
What is the Vestibular System - Interview with an Expert
- What the vestibular system is and how it relates to dizziness and imbalance
- The body has several systems that are used in order to maintain your balance
- The vestibular system or the labyrinth
- The semicircular canals, which respond to head velocity, and the otoliths which respond to tilt
“The body has several systems that are used in order to maintain your balance and you have to think about these from a systems perspective, a systems physiology perspective. First, you can use your eyes to tell whether you’re swaying forward. Then you have your inner ear, or the vestibular system, which tells you whether you’re moving, and I’ll talk about this in a minute. You have your feet which tell you whether you’re moving. There’s also your internal idea of where you are in space, in other words your brain, which is what you use to predict, like for example I start to lean forward so I’m probably forward. Your body takes all four of these streams of sensory information and uses them to help you maintain your balance and let you know where you are in space.”
Diagnosing Vestibular Dysfunction - Interview with an Expert
- Patients with dizziness have trouble getting a diagnosis
- There are many different causes of dizziness and about 5% of the population develops this vestibular disorder every year
- Another 15% of the population who experience dizziness that is related to some other problem
- The healthcare system does not really have many dizziness specialty clinics
Role of Therapy from a Physicians Perspective
- When we evaluate a dizzy patient, the most important piece of the evaluation is the patient’s story
- We sometimes order vestibular function testing and get measurements of balance in the different parts of the balance system
- We can’t measure every part of the balance system, but we measure what we can
- Currently, we use balance testing to support our hypothesis about what might be causing your problem
“When we evaluate a dizzy patient, the most important piece of the evaluation is the patient’s story. This should include their description of the symptoms, the character of the symptoms, the timing of the symptoms, the onset of the symptoms, what makes it better, what makes it worse, and any non–dizzy symptoms that might be associated such as headache symptoms, vision symptoms, hearing symptoms.”
What Happens With a Peripheral Vestibular Attack?
- Balance and vestibular therapy consists of a combination of training patients to compensate for their dizziness, as well as in some situations actually working toward eliminating their dizziness if they have a condition such as BPPV, in which you can move the crystals around, and rid the patient of this symptom.
- The therapy usually consists of a combination of training patients to compensate for their dizziness, as well as in some situations actually working toward eliminating their dizziness if they have a condition such as BPPV, in which you can move the crystals around, and rid the patient of this symptom.
- The result happens when the brain is compensating
“These are problems that the brain can compensate for, but it takes a while, and this is accomplished more quickly if the brain always being shown there’s something wrong and through exercises that facilitate the compensation. It’s just like when something happens to the muscles in your arm, you can recover more quickly if you exercise. The result happens when the brain is compensating for the inner ears. Patients recover more quickly if they practice using their eyes, moving their head and attempting to balance all at the same time.”
Can the Brain Accommodate for New Signals?
- If the brain receives constant information from the vestibular system, it learns to correctly interpret that information
- One of the problems with a person experiencing a vertigo attack, is that this vestibular information is likely coming to the brain for the first time or it hasn’t been consistent, therefore, the brain doesn’t have an opportunity to adapt and the patient experiences disorientation
- The heart of interpreting any sensory information, including that from the vestibular system, is being able to separate signal from noise and learn that the tiny motions that just fall in the noise, should probably just be ignored
- Our brain is constantly struggling with this issue of how to separate signals from noise
“The heart of interpreting any sensory information, including that from the vestibular system, is being able to separate signal from noise and learn that the tiny motions that just fall in the noise, should probably just be ignored. But when a signal arises and gets large enough that it rises above the noise, those are the sensory signals that our brain correctly learns to interpret as motion; as such, it tries to use that information to generate the reflexes or the correct perceptions of orientation.”
Evidence Based Studies to Understand Vestibular Dysfunction
- Peripheral attack such as Meniere’s disease
- Artificial vestibular implants
- The brain is an amazingly plastic organ that can respond to the information provided
- The studies so far really do suggest that there’s a great deal of promise to this research
Introduction to Vestibular Course
- Why Take This Course?
- An Introduction to the specific testing portions of this course by Barry Morgan, PT
“As the population ages and certainly as balance and vestibular conditions increase with age, we are all going to be treating patients with these specific issues. Also, in treating other types of patients, you might miss some key problem areas, such as, for example, some dizziness in your cervical patient or when you are laying a back patient back and they are dizzy. So it’s important to have the skills presented in this course in order to evaluate patients clinically and comprehensively.”
Vestibular Testing Sequence: Oculomotor-Central Tests; VOR
- Vestibular Testing Sequence
- Key information covers a description of each test, What the test is used for, A postive test, treatment ideas and Case Studies
- Central Testing Categories
- Alexander’s Law
Dynamic Visual Acuity Testing
- After completion of the VOR Cancellation test, you will be able to determine whether you should attempt to do the next test in the series, this test is called the Dynamic Visual Acuity Test.
- Using a Snellen Chart
- Demonstration the Visual Acuity Test
- A description of the test
- What the test is used for
- What is a postive test outcome
- Learn the sequencing of vestibular tests
Description of BPPV from a Expert Physician
- BPPV, which is the acronym for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
- Semicircular canals register motion in their plane
- The utricle is delicate and vulnerable
- Patients have symptoms that are provoked by changing the position of their head with respect to gravity
“If you think for a second about how delicate the utricle is you may realize then how vulnerable it is. We’ve got these hairs and then on the end of these hairs we’ve got these rocks, and you may wonder what would happen if they came loose or if the rock fell off. Suppose you bang your head up. Wouldn’t this knock some of those rocks loose? Indeed it does, not only when you bang your head but even as you age and your ear starts to deteriorate like other body parts deteriorate with age.”
- Prescreen Before BPPV Tests
- Ensuring there is enough cervical AROM ability
- Modified vertebral artery testing
- The slump test
- Treatment for a positive Dix-Hallpike test is known as particle repositioning maneuver (PRM)
- The most accepted treatment for canalithiasis of the posterior and anterior canal canalithiasis types
- Left Standard Epley Maneuver Treatment
- Improper Epley Pitfalls
- Common Problem Epley
- A modified side lying Epley maneuver
- A modified in-bed Epley maneuver
- In Bed Epley Modification
- Semont Maneuver Right Posterior Canal
- Semont Maneuver Right Anterior Canal
- Modified Semont For Right Horizontal Canal Cupulolithiasis
- Brandt-Daroff Treatment For Posterior Canal
- Left Horizontal Canal “BBQ” Roll
- Gufoni Maneuver For Left Horizontal Canal Canalithiasis
- Gufoni Maneuver For Right Horizontal Canal Cupulolithasis
- Target Use In Oculomotor/Vestibular Drills
- Saccadic Eye Movement Drill
- Saccadic Drill Clinician Based
- Anti-Saccadic Eye Movement Drill
- Vergence Drill
- Pursuits Oculomotor Drill
- Cervico-Ocular Drill
- Cervical Kinesthesia Drill
- Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex Cancellation Drill
Course Test - Evaluate your knowledge
- Use the Healthclick proprietary online education system which provides the online student with:
- Worldwide access to high definition video, anatomical animations and images, and written information
- The highest quality film in the industry, you can see the difference!
- Stop and resume within a course, the Healthclick system will optimize your course based on your device, connection and remembers where you left off.
- Real-time course updates. We are always adding to each courses, updating content, adding animations, these are not static courses!
- Evaluate your knowledge with the course test on any device.
- Print your state course certificate for CE credit.
- Take the online test as many times as need in order to achieve a 70 % or greater score.