Acute Care Rehabilitation
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Why take this course?
This introductory level course provides the foundation for clinicians working in an acute care environment to develop comprehensive treatment plans for safe and effective functional mobility. By understanding the fundamentals of the acute care environment, a therapist can demonstrate that they are an asset within the overall acute care team.
Details about this Online Continuing Education Course
Each bodily system is negatively affected by immobility. However, a carefully trained clinician can help mitigate the effects by properly providing early mobilization techniques. The vital signs-presented through specific equipment, labs, and devices, respond to external stimulation and provide a reliable indication of the patient's tolerance to activities. Having an understanding of these vitals, the equipment, and labs enables the clinician to coordinate activity that directly correlates with improving baseline function while increasing mobility and staying within safe treatment parameters.
This course begins with an overview of the cardiovascular, respiratory, and musculoskeletal systems and the effect that immobility in the acute care environment has on each system. The fundamental information provided illustrates normal function and values for each system to work efficiently; which is critical when working with the acute care patient. Specific lab values, common tests, and drugs utilized with cardiac patients are reviewed to provide a greater understanding of factors that can impact vital signs during therapy and decisions for progression.
Key information to work effectively within the acute care environment is provided for the ventilator-dependent; critically ill patient; orthopedically and neurologically complex patient and behaviorally challenged patient. Demonstrations for basic mobility along with auscultations provide the hands-on techniques that are vital in this setting.
This course is applicable for PT, PTA, and OT’s.
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- CE Hours: 10 hrs
- Delivered: online
- Instant Online Access, Color PDF Manual for Download, 365 days of access, Mobile Ready
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Upon completion of this course, participants will be able to:
- Recognize the effects of immobility on the respiratory, cardiac, neurologic and musculoskeletal systems and the importance of early movement.
- Identify the evidence based literature for developing higher level mobility goals for all types of patients in the acute care setting.
- Differentiate between a medically fragile patient and a general acute care patient when develop appropriate functional goals.
- Formulate effective goals and treatment strategies for the behaviorally challenging acute care patient.
- Develop intervention strategies cardiac and pulmonary patients in an acute care setting.
- Formulate an appropriate plan of care for the critically ill cardiac patient.
- Validate an understanding of outcome tools to document and demonstrate progress.
- Differentiate between the medically fragile and general acute care patient and demonstrate management techniques and interventions for these populations.
- Identify the differences between the cardiac and pulmonary related disease specific management strategies.
- State the critical elements of analysis and assessment when treating and progressing the cardiopulmonary patient in an acute care setting.
- Demonstrate confidence and aptitude when developing appropriate intervention strategies for cardiopulmonary critical care case scenarios.
- Exhibit efficacy in intervention with ventilator dependent treatment scenarios.
- Perform proper percussion and drainage techniques.
- Formulate an appropriate plan of care for a critically ill cardiac patient.
- Integrate existing treatment plans with progression into the plan of care for the neurologically complex patient in the acute care setting.
- Establish interventions for the critically ill orthopedic patient to assure management of the effects of immobility and stimulate an earlier return to prior level of function.
- Validate an understanding of the outcome tools available for assessment of the acute and critically ill patient.
- Execute an efficient use and completion of the outcome tools applicable for the acute care population.
- Exhibit an understanding of the components (including equipment), time, and players in an effective mobilization plan for the critically ill population.
- Perform a thorough vital sign screening and identify appropriate values for increasing workload safely.
- Reference the critical values and analysis required to recognize progression and regression when mobilizing the critically ill population.
- Construct relevant treatment plans and interventions for the population requiring early mobilization and the neurologically complex patient in the completion of scenario based case studies.
Learn from the Expert Sharan Zirges, PT, DPT, MSHA
Sharan Zirges, PT, DPT, MSHA, is a licensed clinical physical therapist with 30 years of experience in acute, geriatric, and neurological rehabilitation. Sharan has lectured, written and researched on fall prevention, fear of falling, and balance rehabilitation both nationally and internationally. Dr. Zirges has a B.S. in Rehabilitation Counseling Services and Physical Therapy. Additionally, she has a Master’s in Health Administration and a DPT. Dr. Zirges has spent more than 20 years in the acute care environment and has developed therapy programs and protocols and provided continuing education for multiple health care systems. She is currently a reviewer for the Journal of Acute Care Physical Therapy and the program director for South University PTA program in Virginia Beach.
Effects of Immobility on the Respiratory, Cardiovascular and Musculoskeletal System
- Learn the effects of immobility on the respiratory system
- Deficiency in the ability to clear the lungs because of the compression
- Laying in the supine position, the diaphragm cannot be as effective and productive
- Review of the respiratory system and some of the disorders that we see in the respiratory system
- chronic bronchitis
- Cystic fibrosis
- Pulmonary fibrosis
- Pulmonary edema
- The effects of immobility on the cardiovascular system
- Recognize the importance of a shift in plasma volume
- Changes in the function of the microvasculature
- How to read the EKG
- Characteristics of a Normal Sinus Rhythm
- Characteristics of Sinus Bradycardia
- Characteristics of Sinus Tachycardia
- Characteristics of Sinus Arrhythmia
- Learn the 4 different types of heart failure
- The hemodynamics of the heart
- The signs and symptoms of cardiovascular disease
- Learn responses to activity that would be abnormal
- The Rate of Perceived Exertion
- Wells Score for DVT - The Wells score is a determinant of the risk for a DVT
- The effects of immobility on the musculoskeletal system
Intensive Care Acquired Illness, Lab Values and the Cost of Immobility
- Intensive care unit-acquired weakness
- Clinical Features of ICU Chronic Illness
- Therapy Considerations Before Intervention
- Mean arterial pressure
- Understanding laboratory values
- Medicare spending for post acute care after hospitalization has increased significantly over the last decade
Basic Goals Across the Spectrum and Therapists Role
- Assess the patient’s readiness for mobility
- Endurance day over day because one of our other ultimate goals is for the patient to be able to perform ADLs with assistance
- The role of the nurse practioner
- We are the musculoskeletal experts
- Understand payment and productivity in acute care
Behavioral Management and Managing Expectations from the Patient and Family
- Managing a refusing patient with case scenario
- Managing the expectations of the patient and family
- Planning and offering next steps in the level of care
Physical Patient Care Management.
- Identify all of the equipment and to understand the purpose of each device
- Common Equipment, Lines and Tubes
- IV stands and IV
- Feeding tubes
- Intracranial Pressure monitor (ICP)
- Prevention of DVT
- Have a Plan Before Mobilization
- Safety Screening Criteria for Physical Rehabilitation
- Criteria for Cessation of Physical Rehab Session
Mobilizing the Patient
- Activities for the low-level functioning patient
- Progressive mobilization
- Beach chair position
- Physiological tolerance and what the parameters
- Mobilization of the patient after they test positive for a DVT
- Seamless transition for a patient from acute care to outpatient
- COPD and CHF
- Disease management of post cardiac surgery treatment and progression
- Specific cardiac surgeries
- Left ventricular assistive device (LVAD)
- Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
- Cardiac dysrhythmias and EKG interpretation
- Myocardial infarction, post MI, or heart attack
- Medically manage a patient with pneumonia
Managing the Ventilator Dependent Patient
- Working with Ventilators
- Contraindication for mobilizing a ventilator-dependent patient
- Tolerance criteria for mobilization with the ventilator dependent patient
- The ABCDE bundle
- Four Classes of ABCDE Barriers
- High Flow Oxygen
Orthopedic and Neurologically Complex Patients
- Mobilizing the patient with limited weight bearing options
- Mobilization protocols for orthopedics, the clinically most important concepts
- Managing a patient with CVA
- Traumatic Brain Injury
- Helpful outcome tools to use In Acute Care
Demonstration-Progressive Mobilizations, Ausculations, Percussions
- Therapeutic Activities
- Energy Conservation and Activity Pacing
- Therapy Interventions
- Lung Disorders
- Physiology: Lung Volume
- Factors Affecting Respiration
- Normal Breathing Patterns
- Abnormal Breathing Pattern
- Normal Breath Sounds
- Normal/Abnormal/Adventitious Breath Sounds
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